933 Adalward of Verden, Anglo-Saxon missionary,
died. He became bishop of Verden in 913. [German
Desiderius Erasmus, Dutch humanist and Greek scholar,
was born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 12 July 1536).
1516 Martin Luther began his lectures on
Michael Servetus, Spanish anti-Trinitarian theologian,
was burned at Geneva (b. 29 September 1511 at Tudela).
Laurentius Petri, Swedish reformer and first Lutheran
archbishop of Uppsala, died (b. 1499, Örebro, Sweden).
1659 William Robinson and Marmaduke Stevenson
became the first
Quakers hanged in Massachusetts. They had violated the
laws of 1658, which forbade Quakers from returning to
Massachusetts once they had been banished.
1682 English Quaker colonist and founder of
(1644–1718) arrived in America.
1771 Pioneer bishops
(1745–1816) and Richard
Wright arrived in Philadelphia after having been sent from
England by John Wesley to preach Methodism in America.
Peter Nicholas Sommer, Lutheran pastor in New York, died
(b. 9 January 1709, Hamburg, Germany).
McClintock, American Methodist clergyman and scholar,
was born in Philadelphia (d. 4 March 1870).
Henry U. Onderdonk (1789–1858), hymnist, was consecrated
at Philadelphia as assistant bishop.
Gottlieb Bender Christiansen, professor at Trinity
Lutheran Seminary (Blair, Nebraska) and president of the
United Danish Evangelical Lutheran Church in America, was
born at Vejlby, Denmark (d. 27 September 1929).
Synod of Northern Indiana was organized at Columbia
City, Indiana, by former members of the Olive Branch and
Wittenberg synods. It soon united with the General Synod.
Wilhelm Sihler, a co-founder and vice-president of the
Missouri Synod, died (b. 12 November 1801).
Sylvester Clarence Michelfelder, Lutheran World
Federation leader, was born in New Washington, Ohio (d. 30
1903 Seminário Concórdia was founded in Bom Jesus,
Brazil, some 150 miles from Porto Alegre. After the school
closed for a time when the pastor/president/professor Johann
Friedrich Hartmeister (1877–1965)
had to return to the United States, the church decided to
reopen the school in Porto Alegre on 30 May 1907.
1932 Carl Frederick Lehenbauer, president of the
Kansas District of the Missouri Synod, died (b. 24 February
1877, West Ely, Missouri). He was educated at Saint Paul’s
College (Concordia, Missouri), Northwestern College
(Watertown, Wisconsin) and Concordia Seminary (Saint Louis).
He graduated in 1900 and became a pastor at Norman,
Oklahoma. In 1901 he was called to Union City, Oklahoma, and
carried on extensive mission work throughout southwestern
Oklahoma. In 1909 he became pastor of Zion Lutheran Church
(Linn, Kansas), and in 1923 he was called to Saint John
Lutheran Church (Alma, Kansas). In 1916 he became a member
of the mission board of the Kansas District and in 1919 was
elected district president.
1977 Louise Rathke, the first trained deaconess to
serve in India, died at Valparaiso, Indiana. In 1925 Rathke
graduated from the deaconess training course at Beaver Dam,
Wisconsin, a member of that course’s
first class. Prior to her service in India, Rathke served
about six months at the Apache Indian Mission in Arizona.
Her work in India with women and nursing began in 1926. She
continued to serve there until 1962, when she returned to
Kansas to care for her ill mother. Reflecting on her service
in India at the 1977 annual deaconess conference, Rathke
“We suffered some
hardships, but we experienced many rewards as people came to
know the Gospel.”
1978 The complete
New International Version of the Bible was published by
Zondervan Publishers of Grand Rapids, Michigan.
1978 Seminario Concordia in Porto Alegre, Brazil,
celebrated its 75th anniversary. Initiated in 1903, the
school was started a year before the Brazil District of The
Lutheran Church—Missouri Synod was
formally organized. Three students attended the first
classes conducted by Rev. John Hartmeister in a local chapel
at Bom Jesus de Sao Lourenco. In 1978 the seminary enrolled