Boniface II died.
1244 At the
Battle of La Forbie, Crusaders were defeated by
Khwarezmians and Egyptians.
1448 At the
Second Battle of Kosovo the mainly Hungarian army led by
John Hunyadi was defeated by an Ottoman army led by
1480 The Spanish Inquisition
1552 Andreas Osiander
the Elder, German reformer and theologian, died (b. 19 December 1498).
1582 Johann Gerhard,
theologian, was born in Quedlinburg, Germany (d. 10 August 1637).
Francis Turretin (also known as François Turretini) was born at
Geneva (d. 28 September 1687). He was known as an earnest defender of
the Calvinistic orthodoxy represented by the
Synod of Dort and as one of the authors of the
Helvetic Consensus, which defended the formulation of double
predestination from the Synod of Dort and the verbal inspiration of
1792 Sir John Bowring,
hymnist and linguist, was born at Exeter, England (d. 23 November 1872).
Christiaan van Raalte, a pastor in the
Reformed Church in America, was born at Wanneperveen, Netherlands
(d. 27 July 1876, Holland, Michigan). He led the Dutch immigrants who
founded the city of
Holland, Michigan and established the school that would become
1812 The first meeting of
Lutheran pastors west of the Allegheny Mountains was held in Washington
County, Pennsylvania (through 19 October).
1824 Birgitte Katherine
Boye, Danish hymnist, died in Copenhagen (b. 7 March 1742).
1910 Julia Ward Howe
(b. 27 May 1819), American writer and social reformer, died in Newport,
1912 Albino Luciani, Pope John Paul I (1912–1978),
was born near Belluno, Italy.
1926 The Lutheran Concordia
College of Texas (Austin) opened. It is now known as
Concordia University Texas.
1939 The Wanhsien, China,
Lutheran middle school was founded.
1979 Mother Teresa
(1910–1997) was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.
1993 Helmut Gollwitzer,
last of the prominent leaders of the Protestant church opposition to
Adolph Hitler, died in Berlin (b. 29 December 1908).
1996 Alvin F. Schnute died in
Largo, Florida (b. 1908). He graduated from Concordia Seminary (Saint
Louis) in 1932 and served from 1935 to 1973 as a pastor in Detroit and
Munger, Michigan. He retired in 1973. He is believed to be the first
person in the Missouri Synod to transcribe music into Braille. He and
his wife were Braille music transcribers for the Library of Congress and
for libraries for the blind throughout the nation. Included among the
works he transcribed were The Lutheran Hymnal and Lutheran Worship. Schnute began transcribing
music as a hobby.