1311 The Council of Vienna
opened to decide if the
a military order sworn to protect Christian pilgrims, were heretical and
too wealthy. Pope
Clement V (1264–1314) decided to suppress
the order. Its leader was burned and members’ possessions taken by the
church. That decision was adamantly derided by the poet
Dante Alighieri (1265–1321) and later
1483 Gasparo Contarini, Italian diplomat and cardinal,
was born (d. 24 August 1542).
1529 Seventeen Swabian
Articles were presented at Schmalkalden to
Emperor Charles V
(1500–1558). The articles were the official
confession of Electoral Saxony.
1553 Lucas Cranach the Elder, Reformation
artist, died at Weimar (b. 1472, Kronach).
1555 Nicholas Ridley (b. ca. 1500) and
Hugh Latimer (b. ca. 1485/90), English reformers and
martyrs, were burned at the stake for their Protestant beliefs.
1591 Pope Gregory XIV died (b. 11 February 1535).
William Cardinal Allen, English Catholic cardinal, died (b. 1532).
1701 The Collegiate School
was founded at Saybrook, Connecticut, by Congregational clergy
dissatisfied with growing liberalism at Harvard College. In 1716 the
school moved to New Haven, Connecticut, where in 1718 it became Yale
College, named after Elihu Yale, son of one of the founders of New
Haven. In 1887 the name was changed to Yale University.
1748 Nathan Strong,
hymnist, was born at Coventry, Connecticut (d. 25 December 1816).
1752 Johann G.
Eichhorn, German Lutheran Old Testament scholar, was born in
Dorrenzimmern, Germany (d. 27 June 1827).
1812 Henry Martyn (b. 18
February 1781), Anglican missionary and Bible translator in India, died
in Tokat, Asia Minor.
William F. Lehmann, Ohio Synod theologian and leader, was born in
Markgroeningen, Wuerttemberg, Germany (d. 1 December 1880).
1843 George H. Trabert,
hymn translator, was born in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania (d. 15
September 1930, Minneapolis).
was formed at Xenia, Ohio.
1859 Militant messianic
abolitionist John Brown
(1800–1859) led a group of about
twenty men in a raid on the federal armory at Harper’s Ferry, Virginia
(now West Virginia).
1869 Magnus B. Landstad
(1802–1880), hymnist, compiled a new hymnal that was authorized for use
in Norway on this date.
“Now the Light Has Gone Away,”
(1836–1879), appeared in
Songs for Little Singers.
1877 J. F. Doescher was
commissioned as the first Missouri Synod (Synodical
Conference) pastor to African Americans.
1888 Horatio Gates
Spafford (b. 20 October 1828), American medical lawyer and hymn
Howard Sullivan, Baptist minister, civil rights leader and social
activist focusing on the creation of job training opportunities for
African-Americans and an anti-Apartheid activist (d. 24 April 2001), was
Robert D. Preus,
professor at Concordia Seminary (Saint Louis, Missouri) and president of
Concordia Theological Seminary (Springfield, Illinois, and Fort Wayne,
Indiana), was born in Saint Paul, Minnesota (d. 4 November 1995).
1925 The Texas State Text
Book Board banned evolutionary theory from all its textbooks.
1927 The American Lutheran Publicity Bureau was
1934 Henry John Stoeppelwerth
died at Wichita, Kansas (b. 11 October 1869, Washington, Missouri). He
was a graduate of Concordia Seminary (Saint Louis) in 1893 and served as
the first professor at Saint John’s College (Winfield, Kansas), which
had been founded in that year by John Peter Baden. He played an
important part in the development of the school during his forty-one
years of service.
F. H. Knubel, first president of the United Lutheran Church in
America, died (b. 22 May 1870, New York City).
William J. Danker held the first Missouri Synod worship service in
1949 Alfred E. R. Brauer,
hymn translator, died.
1955 A Lutheran House of
Studies at Chatenay, near Paris, France, was dedicated.
1978 A conclave of the Roman
Catholic College of Cardinals chose Polish Cardinal Karol Wojtyla to be
the new pope. Taking the name John Paul II (1920–2005),
he became the first non-Italian pope in 456 years.
1984 Archbishop Desmond
Tutu (b. 7 October 1931) was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.
1994 Arthur C. Repp died (b.
1906). After graduating from Concordia Seminary (Saint Louis), he became
a pastor in San Antonio, Texas. In 1943 he was called by the Board of
Christian Education of the Missouri Synod to become its executive
secretary. He later joined the faculty of the Saint Louis seminary.