Battle of Karbala: Shia Imam
Hussein ibn Ali
(626–680), the grandson of the Prophet Muhammad (ca.
570–632), was decapitated by forces under
(645–683). This is commemorated by
Shia Muslims as the
Day of Ashurah.
Battle of Tours: Near Poitiers, France, leader of
(686–741) and his men defeated a large army of Moors, stopping the
Muslims from spreading into Western Europe.
University of Wittenberg, Germany, opened and classes began. Today
it is known as Martin Luther University of Halle-Wittenberg.
1520 Martin Luther received
the papal bull Exsurge Domine.
(Jakob Hermanss) was born in Oudewater, Netherlands (d. 19 October
Battle of Dormans: Catholic forces under Duke
Henry of Guise
(1550–1588) defeated the Protestants,
capturing Philippe de Mornay
(1549–1623) among others.
John Potter, Archbishop of Canterbury, died (b. ca. 1674).
Abercrombie, Scottish physician and writer on metaphysics, was born
at Aberdeen (d. 14 November 1844).
1813 Giuseppe Verdi, composer
of operatic music, was born (d. 27 January 1901).
Bortnianski, composer, died in Saint Petersburg, Russia (b. 28
German Lutheran theologian, patristic scholar (study of early church
fathers) and New Testament exegete, was born in Mors, Rhenish Prussia
(d. 5 March 1933).
1841 William A. Ogden,
American sacred music writer, was born in Franklin County, Ohio (d. 14
1851 W. Robertson
Nicoll, Scottish theologian and editor, was born in Aberdeenshire,
Scotland (d. 4 May 1923).
Albertus Christiaan Kruyt, missionary to the Celebes, was born (19
1892 Walter A. Klausing,
president of the Lutheran Deaconess
Association, was born at Wren, Ohio (d. 2 July 1955, Fort Wayne,
Indiana). He graduated from Concordia Seminary (Saint Louis) in 1915 and
was an assistant professor at Concordia College (Fort Wayne) from 1915
to 1917. He then served as pastor in Whitley County, Indiana, from
1917 to 1922 and at Concordia Lutheran Church, Fort Wayne, from 1922
until his death. He was also president of the Fort Wayne Lutheran
Missionary Association and the Fort Wayne Pastoral Conference and a
member of the board of directors of Lutheran Social Service, Lutheran
Hospital and Concordia College.
Otto Emanuel Sohn
was born in Detroit, Michigan (d. 15 April 1969).
John Gottlieb Morris, Lutheran theologian and president of the
General Synod, died (b. 14 November 1803).
1898 Claudia Hernamann,
hymn translator, died (b. 19 October 1838).
Lorenzo Snow, president of
The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, died (b. 3 April
1903 Kurt Heinrich Sprengeler,
pioneer pastor in Canada and Minnesota, died (b. 25 June 1819,
Bosslingen, Hannover). After immigration to the U.S. he prepared for the
ministry at the Missouri Synod's seminary in Fort Wayne, Indiana, and
completed his studies in 1861. He first served a congregation in
Middleton, Canada, then took a call to Immanuel Lutheran Church in
Carver County, Minnesota. His ministry was spent serving several
congregations in Minnesota and organizing several others as he traveled
throughout the state.
Johannes Thorbjoernsen Ylvisaker, professor and author, died (b. 24
Ludvig Olsen Fossum, Mid-East Lutheran missionary, died (b. 5 June
Andrew Baepler, professor at Saint Paul's College (Concordia,
Missouri), died (b. 28 July 1850).
1930 Louis Fitzgerald
Benson, hymnist, died in Philadelphia (b. 22 July 1855).
(b. 4 February 1873), American Methodist evangelist and hymnist, died.
1983 Albert H. Schwermann,
founding president of Concordia College (Edmonton, Alberta), died (b. 13
1989 Emma Hoppe of Fairview
Park, Ohio, former president of the Lutheran Women’s
Missionary League, died in Ohio. She was 98. She was international
president of the LWML from 1959 to 1963. During her term the league
became an officially recognized auxiliary of the Missouri Synod in 1962.