became pope (b. ca. 816). After his death in 896 he was condemned as
unworthy of the pontificate. All his measures and acts were annulled,
and the orders conferred by him were declared invalid.
1510 Rowland Taylor, English clergyman and Protestant
martyr, was born (d. 9 February 1555).
1520 Martin Luther’s
Babylonian Captivity of the Church was published.
1531 War broke out between
Catholic and Protestant cantons in Switzerland after Protestant cantons
inaugurated a blockade of the Romanist cantons by resolution at Aargau
Ricci, the first Roman Catholic missionary to China, was born in
Macareta, Italy (d. 11 May 1610).
Albert (Alberti), hymnist and composer, died at Koenigsberg, Prussia
(b. 28 June 1604).
1683 A group of German
settlers arrived in Philadelphia. The thirteen linen weavers and their
families were Mennonite refugees from Krefeld, Germany. They founded
Germantown, the first German settlement in America, near
Philadelphia. Their pastor, Francis Daniel
Pastorius, was considered by many as the most learned man in America
at the time.
1816 William Bradbury,
American Baptist sacred music composer, was born in York, Maine (d. 7
1818 Silas J. Vail, New
England businessman and composer, was born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 20
May 1883, Brooklyn, New York).
1820 Jenny Lind, the
was born (d. 2 November 1887).
Wilhelm Achenbach, professor (Konrektor) at Concordia College (Fort
Wayne, Indiana), was born in Darmstadt, Hessen, Germany (d. 24 February
Richard Daniel Biedermann, president of Concordia Theological
Seminary (Springfield, Illinois), was born in New Wells, Missouri (d. 8
Joseph Stump, professor and president of the Chicago Lutheran
Theological Seminary, was born in Marietta, Pennsylvania (d. 24 May
1871 J. Adam Rimbach, hymn
translator, was born in Elyria, Ohio (d. 14 December 1941, Portland,
Oregon). He graduated from Concordia Seminary (Saint Louis) in 1893 and
first taught in an academy (progymnasium) opened by Lutheran
congregations in Cleveland, Ohio, to gain more students for the ministry
and teaching professions. He later served as pastor of congregations at
Avilla, Indiana; Zanesville, Ohio; Ashland, Kentucky; and Portland,
Oregon, the latter from 1906 until his death. He was awarded an honorary
doctor of divinity degree by Concordia Seminary in 1941. He contributed
numerous articles and sermons to the periodicals of the Missouri Synod.
[The Handbook to the Lutheran Hymnal, comp. W. G.
Polack (Saint Louis: CPH, 1942): 566–67]
1874 John E. Bode
(b. 23 February 1816), Anglican clergyman and hymnist, died.
Alfred, Lord Tennyson (b. 6 August 1809), English Victorian poet,
1894 Matthew Bridges,
English clergyman and hymnist, died in Quebec, Canada (b. 14 July 1800).
1925 Israel Abrahams, one of
the most distinguished Jewish scholars of his time, died in Cambridge,
Cambridgeshire, England (b. 26 November 1858).
1945 George C. Stebbins
(b. 26 February 1846), American Baptist music evangelist, died.
Pope John Paul
II (1920–2005) met with President Jimmy
Carter at the White House.