Holy Cross Day
Cyprian, bishop of Carthage, died.
Byzantine Emperor, (b. 718).
Pope Stephen V died.
Latin Patriarch of Jerusalem, died (b.
Alighieri, Italian poet, died (b. 1265).
VI, pope from 1522 to 1523, died (b. 2 March 1459).
Claudio Acquaviva, Italian Jesuit, was born (d. 31
Joshua Stegmann, hymnist, was born in Suelzfeld, Germany
(d. 3 August 1632).
Jan Tarnowski, Archbishop of Krakow, died (b. ca. 1550).
John Harvard, American clergyman, died (b. 26 November
Wegelin, hymnist, died in Pressburg, Hungary (b. 11
January 1604, Augsburg).
Neumann, hymnist, was born in Breslau (d. 27 January
Raikes, English newspaper editor, philanthropist and
founder of the modern Sunday school, was born in Gloucester,
England (d. 5 April 1811).
Michael Haydn, German sacred music chorister, was born
in Rohrau, Austria (d. 10 August 1806).
1741 German composer
George Frideric Handel (1685–1759)
finished his oratorio
Messiah. He completed the score only twenty-four
days after starting work on it.
David Oliver Allen, missionary to India, was born in
Barre, Massachusetts (d. 1863).
Louis Maigret, French Catholic prelate and the first
vicar apostolic of the Apostolic Vicariate of the Sandwich
Islands (Hawaii), was born (d. 1882).
1814 The “Star
Spangled Banner” was written by
Francis Scott Key (1779–1843)
while he was a British prisoner during the bombarding of
McHenry during the War of 1812. The song became the
official U.S. national anthem in 1931. Key was an Episcopal
layman and co-founder of the American Sunday School Union.
Joint Synod of Ohio
was organized at Somerset, Ohio.
Richard Charles Henry Lenski, Lutheran Bible
commentator, was born in Greifenberg, Prussia, Germany (d.
14 August 1936).
1865 Northwestern College (Watertown, Wisconsin)
opened. The school, operated by the Wisconsin Synod, was
amalgamated in 1995 with Dr. Martin Luther College (New Ulm,
Martin Luther College on the New Ulm campus.
Karl Gustav Theodor Nšther,
first LCMS missionary to India, was born in Bautzen, Saxony,
Germany (d. 13 February 1904).
Martin Dibelius, German Lutheran New Testament scholar,
was born in Dresden (d. 11 November 1947).
Edward Shippen Barnes, musician, was born in Seabright,
New Jersey (d. 14 February 1958).
1913 The first Missouri Synod Lutheran chapel in
China opened at Hua Chin Kai, Hankow.
1914 Charles F. Obermeyer died (b. 21 September
1851, Saint Louis, Missouri). He graduated from Concordia
Seminary (Saint Louis) in 1874 and was ordained on 9 August
of that year. His first call was to be pastor and missionary
in Farmington, Missouri. From 1876 to 1889 he served First
Lutheran Church (Little Rock, Arkansas). He was called to
Zion Lutheran Church (Saint Louis) in 1889 and served this
congregation as its first resident pastor for twenty-five
years. He served as chairman and secretary of the Synodical
Conference Negro Mission Board and traveled extensively
throughout Arkansas and Tennessee. He also served on the
Board of Directors of Concordia Publishing House until 1908.
In 1908 he was elected to the Board of Directors of the
Missouri Synod, a position he held until his death.
Albert Tobias Clay, Lutheran oriental scholar, died (b.
4 December 1866, Hanover, Pennsylvania).
Bob Jones University
was founded as Bob Jones College in College Point, Florida
(near Panama City).
1964 The Third Session of
the Second Vatican Council was opened by
(1897–1978). This session lasted
through 21 November. Vatican II, the 21st ecumenical
council, met between October 1962 and December 1965 in four
1965 The Fourth Session of Vatican II was opened
by Pope Paul VI. This session lasted through December 8,
when the council was formally adjourned. Sixteen major
documents were prepared and published by the 2,860 priests
who participated in the various council proceedings.
Mother Elizabeth Ann Bayley Seaton (1774–1821)
was canonized by Pope Paul VI, making her the first U.S.
citizen to be made a saint in the Roman Catholic Church.
Otto Paul (O. P.) Kretzmann, former president and
chancellor of Valparaiso University, died (b. 7 May 1901,
2001 A historic National Prayer Service was held
Washington National Cathedral for victims of the 11
September attacks on New York’s World Trade Center and the
Pentagon in Washington, D.C.