256 North African bishops voted unanimously that
Christians who had lapsed under persecution must be rebaptized on re-entering
the church. The vote led to a battle between
Cyprian, one of the North African bishops, and Stephen, bishop of Rome, who
disagreed with the vote.
Pope Martin I died. He was imprisoned and then banished by Emperor Constans
II, who rejected the doctrine of Christ's two wills.
Pope Adrian IV (b. ca.
election in history resulted in the choice of Tebaldo Visconti as
Pope Gregory X (ca. 1210–1276). The election had
begun in November 1268 with the death of
Pope Clement IV.
1525 Martin Luther published his
defense against English King Henry VIII.
Pietro Paolo Vergerio
(1498–1565), Luther opponent who became anti-Catholic, was named bishop of
1646 The Cambridge Synod of Congregational Churches was
convened by the General Court of Massachusetts. The synod led to the adoption of
Platform, a document setting down the religious government of the
Congregational churches in Massachusetts, Plymouth, New Haven and Connecticut.
Cartwright, American pioneer Methodist circuit rider, was born in Virginia
(d. 25 September 1872).
1803 In Boston the Massachusetts Society for Promoting
Christian Knowledge was instituted. It was the first tract society to be formed
in North America.
William John Copeland, hymn translator, was born at Chigwell, England (d. 25
Henry H. Spalding (1803–1874) and their wives reached
what is now Walla Walla, Washington, at the junction of the Columbia and Snake
Rivers. The first white settlers in the Pacific Northwest, Whitman, his wife and
twelve others were killed at their mission by Native Americans.
Evangelical Lutheran Synod of Northern Illinois was organized.
1855 The “Definite
Platform” was published. This document
promoted by some General Synod leaders rejected several key positions of the
1859 William Broecker was born in Chicago, Illinois. He
graduated from Concordia Seminary (Saint Louis) in 1882 and served as a pastor
at Farnham and Silver Creek, New York; Kendallville, Indiana; and Pittsburgh,
Pennsylvania. He was vice-president of the Eastern District (1906–1916,
1919–1921) and president of the district
from 1921 until is death in Pittsburgh on 24 December 1928.
College and Theological Seminary opened in Chicago, Illinois.
1861 The first Lutheran parish in Kansas was organized at
Clark’s Creek, near Junction City.
Karl Rudolph Demme, liturgical and hymnological leader, died (b. 10 April
1865 The first issue of the Wisconsin Synod
Gemeindeblatt was published.
Nebraska Synod (Lutheran) was organized in Omaha at Emmanuel Lutheran
1875 The practical seminary of the Missouri Synod was
moved from Saint Louis, Missouri, to Springfield, Illinois. In 1976 the school,
Concordia Theological Seminary, moved to Fort Wayne, Indiana, its original
home from 1846 to 1861.
1880 The Northfield Christian Workers’ Conference, more commonly known as
the Northfield Bible
Conference, was instituted by American evangelist Dwight L. Moody (1837–1899)
at Northfield, Massachusetts.
1881 The Ohio Synod withdrew from the Synodical
Conference due to the
Predestinarian Controversy. Those who disagreed with the Ohio Synod withdrew
from them and formed the Concordia Synod.
1881 Concordia College (Milwaukee; now
University Wisconsin) and Concordia Collegiate Institute (Bronxville, New
Louise Ellermann (1884–1957), R.N., was chosen as the first LCMS medical
Victor George Augustine Tressler, president of the General Synod, died (b.
10 April 1865, Somerfield, Pennsylvania).
1925 John M. Moore, Baptist clergyman, was born in
Dunbartonshire, Scotland. Converted to Christ at age sixteen, he soon entered
the evangelistic ministry of the Scottish Baptist Church. He also served
pastorates in Glasgow and Inverness. His later years of ministry were spent in
Willowdale, Ontario. A prolific writer of Gospel music, Moore penned
“Burdens Are Lifted at Calvary”
at the age of twenty-seven.
1936 Lewis E. Jones (b. 8 February 1865), American YMCA
1939 Germany attacked Poland, beginning World War II.
1980 LCMS teacher Al Senske was named an assistant secretary with the U.
S. Department of Education.
1985 Elmer Henry Pittelko died in Elk Grove Village, Illinois (b. 31
October 1906, Chicago, Illinois). He graduated from Concordia Seminary (Saint
Louis) in 1930 and served as pastor in Prince Albert, Saskatchewan, Canada; El
Reno and Fairmont, Oklahoma; and Hillside, Illinois. He was also professor of
theology at Concordia Teachers College (River Forest, Illinois). Earlier he had
been executive secretary of missions for the Oklahoma District and a circuit
counselor. He retired in 1982.