ca. 340 The church historian Eusebius of
Caesarea died (b. ca. 260).
bishop of Maastricht, died (b. ca. 656–658).
1416 Bohemian reformer Jerome of
Prague (b. 1379) was burned in Constance as a heretic
after defending John Huss (Jan Hus).
1431 Joan of Arc
(b. ca. 1412) was burned at the stake in Rouen by the
English for heresy.
Taborite forces led by
Prokop the Great were decisively defeated in the
Battle of Lipany, effectively ending the
Hussite Wars in Bohemia.
Paul Rubens (b. 28 June 1577), Flemish painter, died.
Neander, hymnist, was born (d. 31 May 1680).
Pope, hymnist, died in Twickenham (b. 21 May 1688).
1819 Anglican Bishop Reginald
Heber (1783–1826) penned the
lines to the famous missionary hymn “From Greenland’s Icy
Clarence Augustus Walworth, hymn translator, was born (d. 19
Edward Topping Doane, missionary to Micronesia, was born
in Tonkinsville, Staten Island, New York (d. 15 May 1890).
Samuel Newell, missionary to India, died (b. 24/25 July
1822 A slave betrayed the plans of an
African Methodist (and former slave) Denmark
Vesey (b. 1767?) to stage a massive slave uprising on 14
July. Of the 131 African Americans arrested in the plot, 35
were executed (included Vesey) and 43 were deported. Vesey's
Charleston, South Carolina, church was closed until 1865.
Carl Johann August Strasen, president of the
Northwestern and Wisconsin Districts of the Missouri Synod,
was born in Juergenhagen, Mecklenberg-Schwerin, Germany (d.
25/26 February 1909, Milwaukee, Wisconsin).
William Fry, English musician, was born in Salisbury (d.
24 August 1882).
1839 The Saxon immigrants deposed
Martin Stephan (1777–1846) as
bishop in Perry County, Missouri, on charges of immorality,
mal-administration and false doctrine.
1839 The first Lutheran synod was held in
Theodore Emanuel Schmauk, president of the General
Council, was born in Lancaster, Pennsylvania (d. 23 March
Charles Philip Krauth, professor at the Lutheran
Theological Seminary at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, and
president of the General Synod, died (b. 7 May 1797).
Memorial Day was observed for the first time under a
proclamation issued by General John A. Logan,
commander-in-chief of the Grand Army of the Republic, a
Henry Frederick Schuh, president of the American
Lutheran Church, was born in Tacoma, Washington (d. 21
1907 Seminário Concórdia, Porto Alegre, Brazil,
reopened. Founded on 27 October 1903 in Bom Jesus, some 150
miles from Porto Alegre, the school had been closed when the
pastor/president/professor Johann Friedrich Hartmeister
(1877–1965) had to return to the
United States in 1906.
1934 The first synod of the
Confessing Church of Barmen (Germany) ended after two
days. Influenced by Karl Barth and Dietrich Bonhoeffer, the
synod resisted the teachings of the Nazi-supporting German
Christians. Written largely by the Reformed theologian
Barth, the Barmen Declaration's theme was that Jesus Christ
is the true Word of God and that the church is not to
recognize other powers as representing divine revelation.
1946 The first Conference of Lutherans in
exile after World War II was held in Hanau, Germany.
Paul Zeller Strodach, Lutheran musicologist, died (b. 27
Albert H. Beck, music professor at Concordia Teachers
College (River Forest, Illinois), died (b. 1 April 1894).
Benjamin Britten’s (1913–1976)
Requiem premiered at the reconsecration of
Coventry Cathedral in England.
1968 Martin Noth
(b. 3 August 1902), German Lutheran Old Testament scholar,