Archbishop of Canterbury, scholar and church reformer, died
(b. ca. 1010).
1403 German university masters attacked John
Wycliffe's (ca. 1320–1384)
reform-minded doctrines, which had spread to their nation by
(ca. 1370–1415) and others.
1533 English reformer Thomas
Archbishop of Canterbury, declared King Henry VIII's
marriage to Anne Boleyn valid, having earlier approved his
divorce from Catherine of Aragon.
1577 Jacob Andreae, Martin Chemnitz and
others finished a draft of the Formula
of Concord and submitted it to Elector August of Saxony.
Martin Rinkart (1586–1649)
began work as diaconus of Saint Anne's Church in Eisleben.
non-conformist Puritan preacher, was thrown into prison
because he continued to preach after the Act of Uniformity
required him to step down. His book Alleine's Alarm
is a Puritan classic.
1698 The cornerstone of “Old Swedes” Church in
Wilmington, Delaware, was laid.
1779 Thomas Moore,
Irish Catholic lawyer, poet and hymnist, was born in Dublin
(d. 25 February 1852).
Bernhardt S. Ingemann, hymnist, was born in
Thorkildstrup on the island of Falster (d. 24 February
Sherwood Hawks, American Baptist homemaker and hymnist,
was born in Hoosick New York (d. 3 January 1918).
Thomas B. Pollock, hymnist, was born (d. 15 December
Ernst Wilhelm Hengstenberg, German Lutheran theologian
and author, died (b. 20 October 1802).
1898 The Shroud of
Turin was first photographed by Secundo Pia in Turin's
cathedral where it had rested for 320 years.
John Henry Wilbrandt Stuckenberg, professor at Wittenberg
College (Springfield, Ohio), died (b. 6 January 1835).
1907 Henry Vetter, home missionary in
Minnesota, died (b. 25 August 1842, Rosswein, Saxony). He
studied at Friedrich Brunn's preparatory school at Steeden
and then emigrated to the U.S. in 1869 to finish his studies
for the ministry at Concordia Seminary (Saint Louis). He was
responsible for founding many congregations in Minnesota.
1937 Alfred Adler,
Jewish convert to Christianity, neurologist and
psychiatrist, died in Aberdeen, Scotland (b. 7 February
1870) while on a speaking tour.
1939 George Carl Schroedel, professor at
Saint John’s College (Winfield, Kansas), died (b. 21 August
1878, Wisconsin Rapids, Wisconsin). He graduated from
Concordia Seminary (Saint Louis) in 1902 and served as
pastor at Hurley, Manawa and Wausau, Wisconsin. In 1924 he
joined the Saint John's faculty as professor of Latin,
serving until his death. He was also treasurer of the
college and president of the Lutheran Children's Friend
Society of Kansas for a number of years.
1949 A Communist party congress in
Czechoslovakia declared its right to educate children in
atheistic Leninism regardless of their parent's religious
1954 The words “under God” were added to
Pledge of Allegiance when President Dwight D. Eisenhower
signed a bill to that effect.
1959 The Presbyterian Church in the United
States of America merged with the United Presbyterian Church
of North America, forming the
United Presbyterian Church in the United States of America.
Lutheran Church in Portugal was established from Brazil.
1968 George Walter Gaertner died at
Oakland, California (b. 17 August 1893, Evanston, Illinois).
He worked much of his life as a missionary to the deaf and
the deaf-blind, first in Seattle and then in Oakland,
California. For a time he also taught at Concordia College
in Oakland. From 1950 to 1964 he served as the regional
counselor for the LCMS Board of Missions to the Deaf.
1987 Walter E. Brauer, pastor and
professor, died in Valparaiso, Indiana.