313 The Edict of
Milan (Liberty of Christianity) was issued by Emperor
526 Pope Saint
John I died (or May 19) at Ravenna, having been
imprisoned by Theodoric, king of the Ostrogoths and of
Italy, the ardent defender of Arianism.
Erik IX, King of Sweden and Christianizer of Finland,
was martyred (b. ca. 1120). He was ruler of much of Sweden
from 1150 to 1160.
Baibars and his Mamluk forces captured Antioch, capital
of the crusader state, the
Principality of Antioch.
1291 The last Christian territory taken by
the Crusaders, Acre,
fell to the Sultan of Egypt.
1528 Martin Luther began his first of
three series of sermons on the chief parts of the catechism.
These sermons became the basis for the
Large Catechism and the
Small Catechism that Luther would write the following
Johann Aepinus (1499–1553)
was appointed superintendent of Hamburg, the highest office
in the Lutheran Church in Hamburg. [German
Valerius Herberger, theologian and hymnist, died in
Fraustadt, Posen (b. 21 April 1562, Fraustadt). [German
General Court of Massachusetts Bay Colony, at their
second meeting, decreed that "no man shall be admitted to
the body politic but such as are members of some of the
churches within the limits" of the colony. The decree stated
that none but Puritans may be freemen and that only freeman
Jacques Marquette, French Jesuit missionary and
explorer, died (b. 1 June 1637).
Butler, English bishop and scholar, was born at Wantage,
Bershire, England (d. 16 June 1752).
Georg Böhm, German composer
and organist who taught J. S. Bach, died in Lueneburg (b. 2
Church of the United Brethren in Christ had its
beginnings in Lancaster, Pennsylvania, at a meeting between
Martin Boehm, a Mennonite, and Philip William Otterbein, a
German Reformed pastor. The denomination was more formally
organized on 3 June 1800.
Charles Henkel, who translated the Augsburg Confession
into English, was born (or 17 May; d. 2 February 1841).
John Douglas, Scottish Anglican bishop and man of
letters, died (b. 14 July 1721).
Elijah Craig, American Baptist minister and inventor of
bourbon whiskey, died (b. 1738?).
Georg Ernst Christian Ferdinand Sievers, founding pastor
of the mission congregation at Frankenlust, Michigan, as
well as other missions throughout Michigan, Ohio, Wisconsin
and Minnesota, was born in Lueneburg, Hannover, Germany (d.
9 September 1893). He was the founder of Missouri Synod
foreign missions and served as the synod's chronologist.
Jackson, pioneer Presbyterian minister to American
Indians and the American West, was born in Minaville, New
York (d. 1909).
Conrad Dietrich Wyneken, his wife Sophie and daughter Louise,
Adolph Biewend, who became a professor at the Missouri
Synod's Saint Louis seminary, set sail for the U.S. Wyneken
had spent two years in Germany for his health and to promote
the need for pastors to serve German Lutheran immigrants in
Free Church of Scotland was formed under the leadership
of Thomas Chalmers (1780–1847).
Christian Heinrich Zeller died (b. 29 March 1779). He
helped establish a seminary and a home for poor children at
Beuggen in 1820, which he administered according to the
ideas of Pestalozzi and in a somewhat Pietistic manner. [German
Henri A. C. Malan (Cesar H. A. Malan), hymnist, died in
Vandoeuvres, near Geneva (b. 7 July 1787).
Hans Andreas Stub, long-time Lutheran pastor in Seattle,
was born in Koshkonong, Wisconsin (d. 15 June 1968).
1892 Oscar Kaiser, hymnist, became the
first pastor of Calvary Lutheran Church in Buffalo, New
Maltbie D. Babcock (b. 3 August 1858), American
Presbyterian clergyman and hymnist, died.
William Taylor, AME missionary to Africa, died in Palo
Alto, California (b. 1821).
1920 Karol Wojtyla (Pope
John Paul II, 1978–2005) was
born in Wadowice, Poland (d. 2 April 2005).
Adam Martin, first president of the Wisconsin Synod's
Northwestern College (Watertown, Wisconsin), died in New
Haven, Connecticut (b. 9[8?] August 1835, Budershausen,
1926 Pentecostal evangelist
Aimee Semple McPherson (1890–1944)
disappeared from a Santa Monica, California, beach.
Hans Joergen S. Astrup, Evangelical Lutheran Church
missionary to South Africa, died (b. 30 August 1852).
1984 Clarence H. Peters, chairman of the
Missouri Synod's Board for Young People's Work from 1946 to
1962, died (b. 8 January 1903, Linn, Kansas).