Saint Philip and Saint James, Apostles
Alexander VI (1431–1503), in
the encyclical Ad ea quae circa decorem, sanctioned
the Roman Catholic religious order of
Minims, founded by Francis of Paola in 1435.
1512 Martin Luther represented his
cloister at Köln, and the
convention made him sub-prior, which made him director of
studies. Soon thereafter he was ordered to preach and get
his doctor of theology degree. Johann
von Staupitz (1460–1524) was
grooming a successor for the theological professorship in
Wittenberg. Frederick of Saxony paid the fifty gulden to
make Luther a doctor of theology.
1551 The second period of the Council
of Trent began. The entire Council of Trent, which met
in three separate periods, took eighteen years to accomplish
Pope Pius V, pope from 1566, died (b. 7 January 1504). A
reforming pope, he ordered bishops and clergy to accept the
propositions of the Council of Trent, completed the Roman
Catechism (which he translated into many languages),
reformed both the Breviary and the Missal and reacquainted
the church with Thomas Aquinas, whom he declared a Doctor of
the Church and whose works he ordered to be collected and
republished. He also vehemently opposed the Reformation.
Addison, English politician, writer and hymnist, was
born in Milston, Wiltshire, England (d. 17 June 1719).
Albright, founder of the Evangelistic Association, was
born near Pottstown, Pennsylvania (d. 17 May 1808).
Lott Carey (ca. 1780–1828) and
Collin Teague, African Americans, sailed as Baptist
missionaries to the regions of Sierra Leone and Liberia in
Congregational Methodist Church was organized at
Forsyth, Monroe County, Georgia.
Friedrich Philip von Abert, Roman Catholic archbishop of
Muennerstadt, was born.
A. J. Showalter, American music teacher, author and
publisher, was born in Chattanooga, Tennessee (d. 16
November 1924, Chattanooga, Tennessee).
Fred C. Pritzlaff, co-founder of the Lutheran Laymen's
League, was born in Milwaukee, Wisconsin (d. 9 November
David Livingstone, Scottish missionary, died (b. 19
Pierre Teilhard de Chardin, French Jesuit philosopher
and paleontologist, was born in Sarcenat, France (d. 10
1893 The foreign mission work of the LCMS
1912 The Evangelical Lutheran Mission for
China was organized under the leadership of
Eduard Louis Arndt (1864–1929).
Albert Kuhn, president of the Minnesota Synod, died (b.
2 February 1835, Saint Gallen canton, Switzerland).
Martin Joseph Schmidt, professor and director of
Concordia College (Fort Wayne, Indiana) died (b. 25 March
1846, Altenburg, Perry County, Missouri).
1933 The first issue of The
Catholic Worker, a monthly newspaper, was
1939 The Back to
the Bible Broadcast was launched by Theodore Epp in
1996 Herman William Gockel died in St.
Louis, Missouri (b. 1906). He attended Concordia College
(Fort Wayne, Indiana) beginning in 1920 and graduated from
Concordia Seminary (Saint Louis) in 1931. He served briefly
as a pastor in Anna, Illinois, and Evansville, Indiana. From
1945 to 1952 he was the editor of Today magazine.
He also served as the assistant secretary of the Board for
Missions in North and South America. In 1948 he published
his well-known book
What Jesus Means to Me. From 1951 to 1971 he wrote
for and produced the television show This Is the Life.