Greek church father, died (b. ca. 130).
First Lateran Council closed under
Pope Callixtus II
Richard I (b. 8 September 1157), ruler of England from
1189, died. He was one of the three principal leaders of the
Third Crusade (1189–1192).
Louis IX (1214–1270) of France
was taken prisoner by Muslims during the seventh crusade,
which was supposed to overcome the Muslim political center
(Raffaello Sanzio), Italian painter and architect, died (b. 28
March 1483, Urbino, Italy).
Albrecht Duerer, Reformation artist and adherent of the
Reformation, died (b. 21 May 1471). The collection at
Concordia Historical Institute contains two series of
David Blondel, French Protestant clergyman, historian
and classical scholar, died (b. 1591).
1759 The last active performance by
George Frideric Handel (1685–1759)
took place. It was a production of The Messiah.
1801 The General Conference of the
Methodist Episcopal Church recognized the new
African Methodist Episcopal Church. The denomination was
formed by African Americans who had been denied membership
and/or recognition within the white Methodist churches,
particularly in Philadelphia and New York. The A.M.E. church
became the prototype for the African Methodist Episcopal
Zion Church, established in 1820.
Edmund H. Sears, American Unitarian clergyman and
hymnist, was born in Sandisfield, Massachusetts (d. 16
Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints (Mormon) was
founded by Joseph Smith in Manchester, New York.
North German Foreign Missionary Society was formed.
1851 Anglican churchman and Archbishop of
Henry E. Manning (1808–1892)
converted to Roman Catholicism. His conversion stemmed from
an increasing commitment to the principles of the Oxford
Movement (ca. 1833–1845) that was
then influencing the English national church. In 1860
Manning became the chief English defender of the pope's
temporal power. He was made Archbishop of Westminster in
1865, and in 1875 he became a cardinal in the Roman Catholic
Joseph Smith III (1832–1914)
Reorganized Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints
by reorganizing the previous church organized by his father,
Joseph Smith Jr. (1805–1844).
Alexander R. Reinagle, a distinguished English church
organist and composer, died (b. 21 August 1799).
Benjamin H. Kennedy, hymn translator, died (b. 6
Sir Frederick A. G. Ouseley, composer, died in Hereford,
England (b. 12 August 1825, London, England).
1893 The Mormons dedicated their
Salt Lake Temple in Utah after forty years of
1932 Eric Liddell
(1902–1945), the Olympic athlete
whose story was told in the film Chariots of Fire,
made his evangelistic debut by sharing his testimony to a
group of men in Armadale, Scotland.
1947 The Lutheran Hour began operations in
1966 Swiss theologian Emil Brunner
(b. 23 December 1889) died. He was one of the most
influential theologians between the two world wars.
1976 Concordia College (Ann Arbor)
was granted permission to become a four-year college by the
Michigan state board of education. The Ann Arbor school
incorporated the junior year of the educational program at
Concordia Senior College (Fort Wayne, Indiana) in September
1976 and the senior year in September 1977. It is today
known as Concordia University Ann Arbor.