LCMS, Office of the President Records, John W. Behnken Administration, 1935-1962.

There are 7 sections to this finding aid:

  1. Restrictions
  2. Biographical Note
  3. Historical Notes
  4. Scope and Content Note
  5. Folder List
  6. Donor Information
  7. Bibliography


The collection is open for research under the normal access policies of the Institute.


The Rev. Dr. John William Behnken was born to Helen (Wunderlich) and the Rev. George William Behnken on 19 March 1884 in Cypress, Harris County, Texas. Two other children were born to this union, Meta and William. Behnken's father died when he was four years old, one month before William's birth. Five years later his mother married the Rev. Gotthilf Birkmann (1854-1944), a widower with three children and the future president of the Synod's Texas District. This union produced seven children.

John W. Behnken began his education in Texas parochial schools at Klein from 1890 to 1893 and continued at Fedor from 1893 to 1897. In 1897, at the age of 13, Behnken entered St. John's Academy in Winfield, Kansas. He graduated in 1903 and traveled to Concordia Seminary in St. Louis. He graduated in 1906 and was ordained on August 12. Behnken undertook his first pastoral service substituting for his stepfather from July to October. He then moved to Houston where he performed mission work until April 1908. While doing this work he organized the Redeemer Lutheran Church. In April 1908 he became pastor at Houston's Holy Trinity Lutheran Church, where he served until August 1935. In addition to his academic work in Kansas and St. Louis, Behnken received honorary degrees from Concordia Seminary in 1934 (Doctor of Divinity) and from Valparaiso University in 1953 (Doctor of Laws).

Behnken married Gertrude Geisler on 13 August 1909. She died on 27 July 1910, shortly after the birth of their son, Victor Louis on 21 July. On 22 April 1914 Behnken married Hilda Anna Grassmuck (born 4 Sept. 1890). The second marriage produced seven children: Ruth Lucille (Droegemueller - 5 Sept. 1915); John William, Jr. (25 October 1917); Donald Edward (25 January 1920); Lester Lloyd (19 August 1921); Lois Marie (Roehrs - 5 Aug.1924); Kenneth Wayne (29 Oct. 1927); and Helen LaDelle (Schmelder - 26 Nov. 1932). All eight of the Behnken children entered church service as either pastor, chaplain, parish school teacher, or pastor's wife. Hilda (Grassmuck) Behnken died at the age of 64 on 20 January 1954.

John W. Behnken held offices in The Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod throughout most of his career. He served as vice-president of the Texas District from 1919 to 1926 and as district president from 1926 to 1929. He was second vice-president of the Synod from 1929 to 1932 and first vice-president from 1932 to 1935. In 1935 he became the sixth president of The Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod and remained in the office for 27 years (9 terms) until his retirement in 1962. On this occasion Behnken was named honorary president of the Synod.

From 1962 until his death, Behnken held the position of chairman of the Board of Trustees of The Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod Foundation. He served on the executive committee of the "Faith Forward" movement initiated in 1962. Behnken continued to represent the Synod at district conventions as long his health permitted. He died at the age of 83 on 23 February 1968 in Hollywood, Florida.


The Office of the President of The Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod was one of four offices created in 1847 at the drafting of the Synod's original constitution. The eligibility guidelines agreed on for this office required that the individual be a member of the clergy and be an active, voting member of a congregation.

The Synod elected C. F. W. Walther the first president. He performed his duties on a part-time basis along with his other pastoral and professorial tasks. From 1847 to 1854 the responsibilities of the president were as follows: to serve as general administrator, to plan and chair the Synod's conventions, to serve as chairman of the Examining Commission and to sign all documents pertaining thereto, to visit all parishes during a three-year period, to ordain and install all clergymen (a task which could be delegated), to render advice and counsel on request, to call special synodical sessions in urgent emergencies (after approval by vote), and to suspend temporarily from office any pastor for an immoral life or for heresy.

When the Synod created four districts in 1854, it transferred many of the applicable original duties to the district presidents. However, not until 1864 was the provision for the president to visit all parishes removed from the list of duties. In its stead, the Synod required the president to visit all educational institutions annually and to attend all district conventions and pastoral conferences. At this time, the president became the supervisor of the district presidents, requiring him to oversee all synodical and district officers and teachers. The Synod declared that the chief responsibility of the president was to maintain internal unity in doctrine and practice and to speak on behalf of the organization.

In 1874, due to growth, to the addition of two more districts (total of six), and to the request of Dr. Walther not to be re-elected, the Synod altered the responsibilities of the office of the president once again. It no longer required the president to preach at the opening sessions of the district conventions or to attend pastoral conferences that coincided with the district conventions. It also adjusted Dr. Walther's schedule at Concordia Seminary to fall within the months of November and April and added two regional vice-presidents to assist him.

In addition, the Synod asserted that the president was not a member of the Electoral College in order to prevent any bias in elections. It expressly stated that the president was also not a member of the various synodical boards and commissions, but that he acted as a their supervisor.

In 1881, after the urging of President H. C. Schwan, the Synod transformed the office into a full-time position and provided for a salary and for a free home. To this point the office had been a part-time position, compelling the officer to balance the presidential duties with parish or teaching responsibilities. Recognizing the growth of the membership and of the administrative functions, the Synod again altered the supervisory and appointment powers of the office. At various points during the last years of the 19th century, the Synod added new responsibilities and modified older ones.

The effects of continued growth became more evident in the 20th century. In 1908, at the behest of Dr. F. A. O. Pieper, the Synod allowed the president to seek advice and counsel from the vice-presidents (Praesidium) in difficult and important synodical and inter-synodical matters. By 1911 the Synod declared that the president, in order properly to carry out his duties, not hold a pastorate or a professorship. In 1917 the president became a member of the newly formed Board of Directnrs. In 1926 the Synod directed the district presidents to deal with inter-synodical disputes before consulting with the president in an effort to solve them more quickly. In 1947 the Synod resolved that the president be a member of the College of (District) Presidents. Since the inception of the College of Presidents in 1864, the synodical president had served in an advisory capacity only.

For more detailed information concerning the office of the president please conult the John W. Behnken (1884-1968) FAMILY Collection, c.1875-1973 or see the following sources:


The Behnken Administration Records are arranged into two series: Correspondence and Subject Files. Correspondence, assorted photographs, and background materials are present throughout the records. The bulk of the collection dates from circa 1943 to 1962. Few materials date from the early years of the Behnken administration. Background materials include essays, reports, clippings and publications that were not produced by the LCMS or by the Concordia Publishing House. Please consult the CHI library for any references to publications not physically located in this collection.

The Correspondence series is arranged into two small groups: a subject group and an alphabetical group.

The subject group letters are arranged within the folders in two ways. The correspondence in folders 1-15 comprises letters received by Behnken and his replies to those letters. These are arranged in chronological order within each folder. Much of this correspondence consists of complaints by either laymen or pastors concerning disputes in their congregations or with colleagues. The letters in folder 16 are copies of correspnndence between other parties that were sdnt to Behnken for his information. These items are arranged in alphabetical order by the name of the addressee.

The alphabetical group of the Correspondence series (f.17-24) consists of letters on a variety of topics received by Behnken and his replies, if any, to those letters. The original filing order has been maintained, and these items are arranged in alphabetical order by the name of the sender. Most of the material in this series is dated from the 1940s and from the 1950s. Some correspondence related to materials in the Subject Files series has been removed and placed with the appropriate topics.

The Subject Files series is arranged alphabetically by topic and chronologically within each folder. The contents of the folders are primarily correspondence related to a wide variety of topics or with many individuals. Behnken's replies, usually carbon copies on onion skin paper, were attached to and filed behind the incoming letters. Therefore, the letters and their replies are filed according to the date of the incoming correspondence. In some folders there are loose carbon copies of Behnken's outgoing letters that might have been replies but that were not attached to any incoming correspondence. Due to the size of the collection, no effort was made to match these stray carbons to incoming letters. These letters are filed in chronological order along with the incoming letters.

Behnken served as president during the decades of the 20th century that ushered in great change in international affairs and growth in the American socio-economic structure. Many of the records revealed the attitudes, actions taken and effects of the Second World War and of the Cold War. From the time that Behnken took office in 1935 until his retirement in 1962, the North American membership of the Synod increased from approximately 1.25 million to about 2.6 million. The annual operating budget of the Synod increased roughly eighteen-fold during his administration. It was also during his tenure that the transition from German to English as the official language of the Synod took place. The proceedings of the 1938 Synodical Convention were conducted in English for the first time.

The expansion of mission work experienced a vital period of growth during Behnken's tenure. The LCMS conducted missions in many U.S. communities, such as among African-Americans and among the deaf and blind. Work also increased among the people on the continents of Asia and South America. Behnken traveled to the South Pacific, India and Japan in 1955 and to South America in 1957. The files concerning these trips contain correspondence and some photographs sent to Behnken by the missionaries he met. There are also many unidentified photographs and slides in the John W. Behnken Family Papers. Researchers are urged to consult that collection for additional information related to Behnken's travels.

The Board for Home Missions in Europe and the National Advisory Emergency Planning Council worked independently, and in conjunction with the National Lutheran Council, to help rebuild churches and congregations in Europe after the Second World War. Behnken visited Europe in October and November 1945. He met fellow Lutherans in London, in Switzerland and in the occupied zones of Germany. His letters describe vividly the devastation and the hardships that people faced as they attempted to rebuild their lives (f.304). There are also reports on conditions and activities from various locations in Europe written by Dr. F. E. Mayer, Dr. L. Meyer, and Dr. Walter Daib from 1946 to 1948.

Another significant topic reflected in the records was the drive for unity among various Lutheran groups in the United States, in Australia and in Europe. Much material regarding discussions over theology and correct doctrine appeared in such files as the Advisory Committee on Doctrine and Practice, the Committee on Doctrinal Unity, the Evangelical Lutheran Church of Australia, the Lutheran World Federation, Lutheran Union, and the National Lutheran Council.

Other names commonly used for the Committee on Doctrinal Unity include Committee on Lutheran Union, Committee on Church Union, and the Union Committee. Much of the correspondence in the Committee on Doctrinal Unity folders is not related to the committee itself but rather to the tasks set before the committee and to the reactions/opinions of various individuals to these tasks.

The Synodical Conference organized the Committee on Intersynodical Relations in 1945 to discuss issues considered divisive to the conference members. Behnken's files contain annotated minutes, notes and some correspondence. Some of the issues discussed by the members of the Synodical Conference include the National Lutheran Council, prayer-fellowship, and the Boy Scout issue. Additional materials on topics found in the Committee on Intersynodical Relations appear in the Wisconsin Synod files.

The Wisconsin Synod files, 1926-1955, contain correspondence and essays/minutes from meetings held between representatives of the two groups. The meeting essays are not identified well, and an attempt has been made to file them appropriately. Discussions relate to cases in which the two synods encountered disagreements in regard to particular congregational conflicts. The remainder of the materials relate to the various issues that caused strained relations between the two synods.

Internal doctrine and principles are topics of discussions in the late 1940s after a group of 44 LCMS clergymen met in September 1945 and issued "A Statement." Behnken's records contain much correspondence with members of the 44, particularly with Rev. E. J. Friedrich, who called the initial meeting of the group. The correspondence includes letters with the Praesidium; the Committee of Ten that Behnken appointed to meet with the Continuation Committee of the 44; and the many letters Behnken received from LCMS pastors and laymen relating their mostly negative views of "A Statement." The correspondence is arranged in chronological order from 1944 to 1950.

Also present are essays and statements from various individuals that critique "A Statement" and Behnken's copies of the various documents under discussion during this time. In addition, there are reports and minutes from the meeting held between the Ten and Ten (the Committee of Ten and the Continuation Committee).

There are many theses and opinions solicited by the Praesidium from the faculties of the St. Louis and Springfield seminaries concerning doctrinal questions that arose from "A Statement" and from the events taking place among both American and European Lutheran groups. The question of prayer fellowship had been discussed before "A Statement" was released. Most of these discussions and the subsequent publications emerged in the 1940s and in the 1950s. Drafts, revised papers and opinions of the Praesidium members and various LCMS ministers are located in the Doctrinal Guidelines files and in the Faculty Opinion files.

Many suggested revisions in the Doctrinal Guidelines files were sent to Behnken by his colleagues and, unfortunately, these revisions have been separated from the cover letters which accompanied them. Therefore, it is difficult to determine which changes were suggested by whom and when the proposals were mailed. Some effort has been made to match the letters and the draft revisions, but there are more cover letters present than drafts. Most of the correspondence about the issues appears in the correspondence folders. However, there are some letters in the folders concerning the specific guidelines. The researcher is reminded that Behnken's replies, when they appear, follow the incoming letters and the accompanying enclosures.

Educational matters related to growth and doctrinal issues are well represented in the records. The discussions on Lutheran union fueled debates among the Synod's educational community. Behnken looked on his role in the appointment of faculty to the Synod's schools as a serious responsibility of his office. He attended most meetings related to faculty matters. The Electoral College files and those files on individual schools and professors reveal the nature of the educational issues that existed during this time.

The John W. Behnken Family Papers contain correspondence, photographs, and background material related to issues represented in the Office of the President Records. Minutes and reports of various committees and boards that were not annotated by Behnken have been removed and placed with the records of the respective committee/board. Please consult the records of any LCMS office, board, or committee and the personal papers of any individuals represented in this collection for additional information on the Behnken Administration.

There is an audio recording of an interview of Dr. Behnken conducted by Dr. August R. Suelflow in November 1965. This recording is included in the Concordia Historical Institute. Oral History Collection (M-0014).

Folders added to the collection after arrangement and description was completed have been placed at the end of the collection, beginning with folder 483.


Correspondence Series

f.1Anonymous letters, 1937-57
f.2Answered Prayer, 1951-1952
f.3-12Complaints, 1945-1962
f.13-15General/Circular, 1935-1962
f.16Miscellaneous Copies, 1943-1959
f.17-24Alphabetical Correspondence

Subject Files

f.25-31Advisory Committee on Doctrine and Practice, 1937-1956
f.31aAdvisory Placement Committee, 1953
f.32American Lutheran Church, 1936-1943
f.33-36American Lutheran Conference, 1935-1955
f.37-38American Lutheran, 1935-1958
f.39Architecture (Church), 1936-1945
f.40Armed Services Commission - Complaints, 1955-1958
f.41-45Army and Navy Commission for Chaplains, 1935-1958
f.46Army, Navy, and Air Force Advisory Board of the Evangelical Lutheran Church--Missouri Synod in Canada, 1939-1955
f.47Augustana Synod, 1943-1956
f.48-63Bad Boll, 1945-1959
f.64-67Bad Boll Reports, 1948-1959
f.68Arthur E. Beck - Correspondence, 1951-1955
f.69-73Bible Revision, 1941-1960
f.74Bible Texts
f.75Board of Church Extension, 1942-1950
f.76Board of Directors, 1935-1959
f.77Board for European Affairs, 1950-1959
f.78Board of Foreign Missions, 1957-1959
f.79-81Board of Higher Education, 1943-1959
f.82Board for Home Missions, 1937-1960
f.83-86Board for Home Missions in Europe, 1937-1948
f.87-89Board of Missions to Deaf and Blind:, 1942-1957
f.90Board of Missions to South America, 1921-1950
f.91-92Board for Parish Education, 1937-1959
f.93Board of Public Relations, 1949-1954
f.94Board of Support and Pensions, 1953-1958
f.95Board for Young People's Work, 1956-1957
f.96Budget - Miscellaneous, 1944-1945
f.97Budget Planning, 1959
f.98"Building for Christ," 1954
f.99-100Bureau of Information on Secret Societies, 1935-1947
f.101"Call of the Cross" (Centennial Address, 1938)
f.102Canadian Christian Council for Resettlement of Refugees, 1946-1948
f.103Canadian Immigration Policy, 1947
f.104Canadian Lutheran Council, 1945-1957
f.104aCanadian Lutheran World Relief, 1951
f.105Centennial Thank Offering, 1947
f.106A Century of Growth, 1947
f.107Chinese Term Question, 1940-1947
f.108Church Discipline
f.109Clergy Bulletin
f.110-113College of Presidents, 1937-1960
f.114-118Commission on Fraternal Organizations (also see f.99-100), 1951-1959
f.119Committee for the Centennial of the Saxon Immigration, 1937-1938
f.120-132Committee on Doctrinal Unity, 1935-1960
f.134Committee on Hymnology and Liturgies, 1954-1959
f.135Committee on Marriage and the Family, 1941-1949
f.136-137Committee on Woman Suffrage, 1945-1960
f.138Comptroller, 1951-1953
f.139Concordia College (Milwaukee), 1958
f.140Concordia Historical Institute, 1941-1952
f.141-142Concordia Publishing House, 1940-1950
f.143-145Concordia Seminary (St. Louis), 1945-1960
f.146Concordia Seminary (Springfield, IL), 1945-1953
f.147Concordia Senior College (Fort Wayne, IN), 1953-1959
f.148Conference of Theologians, 1955-1960
f.149-152Confessional Lutheran, 1938-1960
f.153Conscientious Objectors - Reports, 1950-1952
f.154-155Constitutional Matters, 1940-1956
f.156-160Controversies, 1946-1959
f.161The Crucible, 1939
f.162Walter Daib, 1946-1947
f.163Devotional Addresses (Lutheran Building), 1952
f.164-166Disputes, 1948-1953
f.167-170Districts, 1946-1958
f.171Doctrinal Differences, 1943-1949
f.172-173Doctrinal Essays, 1893-1953
f.174-190Doctrinal Guidelines, 1942-1959
f.191Ecumenical Council, c.1959
f.192-196Electoral Colleges, 1949-1959
f.197England, 1949-1959
f.198-200English District, 1935-1961
f.201Evangelical Lutheran Church, 1952-1959
f.202-203Evangelical Lutheran Church of Australia, 1936-1957
f.204-208Evangelical Lutheran Synodical Conference of North America, 1936-1960
f.209-211Evangelischen Kirche in Deutschland (EKiD), 1946-1959
f.212Evangelism, 1955-1957
f.213-215Faculty Opinions, 1940-1959
f.216-217Family Worship Hour, 1949-1955
f.218Federal Civil Defense Administration, 1951-1953
f.219Fellowship of St. Augustine, 1958-1959
f.220Finnish Evangelical Lutheran Church, 1936-1956
f.221Fiscal Conference & Counselor's Meeting, 1960
f.222-226Free Churches & "Landeskirchen", 1938-1960
f.227Free Conference, 1949
f.228French Free Church, 1952-1953
f.229Fund Raising, 1952
f.230Bishop Bo Giertz, 1953-1960
f.231Father Ginder - "Our Sunday Visitor," 1959
f.232-234J. H. Gockel, 1942-1957
f.235Good Shepherd Lutheran Home (Anaheim, CA), 1952-1953
f.236-237Theodore Graebner, 1934-1950
f.238Dr. A. Heidel, 1955-1958
f.239Hilfswerk of the Evangelical Churches in Germany, 1951-1958
f.240History of Synod - Essays/Reports
f.241India, 1956-1959
f.242Inquiries (General), 1951-1953
f.243-244Intersynodical Relations Committee, 1943-1954
f.245Japan, 1956
f.246Know Your Synod's Work, 1957
f.247O. P. Kretzmann, 1951-1959
f.248Paul Edward Kretzmann, 1943-1957
f.249Paul G. Koch, 1950
f.250A. V. Kuster, 1951
f.251Lodge Problem, 1942-1962
f.252Los Angeles Trial (A. M. Loth), 1941-1945
f.253Lutheran Building Dedication Scrapbook, 1952
f.254LCMS Foundation, 1958-1959
f.255LCMS Schools, 1947-1959
f.256Lutheran Church-Canada, 1957-1960
f.257Lutheran Commission for Prisoners of War, 1944-1946
f.258Lutheran Council of Great Britain, 1954
f.259Lutheran Hour Correspondence, 1945-1949
f.260Lutheran Hymnal, 1959
f.261Lutheran Laymen's Seminar, 1950/1957
f.262Lutheran Liturgy and Symbolics, 1935-42
f.263Lutheran Loyalty/Union, 1944-1953
f.264Lutheran Medical Mission Association, 1956-1959
f.265Lutheran Men in America, 1945-1954
f.266Lutheran Seminarians Association, 1946-1959
f.267-272Lutheran Union, 1941-1960
f.273Lutheran Vocational Directory, 1954
f.274-280Lutheran Witness, 1941-1960
f.281-282Lutheran Women's Missionary League, 1953-1957
f.283Lutheran World Convention, 1937-1946
f.284-295Lutheran World Federation, 1947-1960
f.296Dr. W. A. Maier
f.297Bishop Meiser
f.298Adolph R. Meyer, 1949
f.299Mission Expansion, 1941-1953
f.300Mission Stories, 1936-1940
f.301Missions -- Lutheran World Action, 1939-1941
f.302Missouri-Wisconsin Editors Meeting, 1932-1945
f.303Dr. John Theodore Mueller - The Luther Confessions (drafts)
f.304National Advisory Emergency Planning Council, 1942-1948
f.305-310National Lutheran Council1941-1959
f.311-312Norwegian Lutheran Synod of the American Evangelical Lutheran Church, 1935-1959
f.313Oberursel (Germany), 1939-1959
f.314William Oesch, 1955-1960
f.315Office of War Information, 1942-1945
f.316-320Opinion Letters, 1942-1960
f.321Ordination, 1934-1942
f.322Orthodox Lutheran Church, 1946-1951
f.323Orthodox Lutheran Conference, 1952-1957
f.324Otto H. Pannkoke vs. Evangelical Lutheran Synod of Missouri & Other States, c. 1947
f.325Pension Plan, 1953-1954
f.326P. H. Petersen, 1946-1962
f.327-328Arthur C. Piepkorn, 1951-1960
f.329Poland, 1956-1959
f.330-332Praesidium, 1942-1960
f.333Prayer and Fellowship (draft), 1945
f.334-335Race Relations, 1952-1958
f.336Radio and Television, 1942-1951
f.337Radio and Television Committee, 1953-1954
f.338Redeemer Lutheran Church vs. A. M. Loth, et al., c.1942
f.339Referrals, 1949-1952
f.340Reports, 1947
f.341Resignations from Synod, 1953-1954
f.342-344Retirement Letters, 1957-1960
f.345Round Table Meetings, 1936-1943
f.346Sasse-Kretzmann Issue, 1957
f.347Martin H. Scharlemann, 1958-1962
f.348-349Scouting, 1944-1951
f.350Seminars, 1946-1949
f.351Slovak Evangelical Lutheran Church, 1954-1956
f.352Social Gospel, no date
f.353Social Security, 1950-1957
f.354-358South America, 1940-1960
f.359-365Staff, 1949-1959
f.366-390A Statement of 44, 1938-1954
f.391L. B. Steiniger, 1946-1950
f.392Stewardship Conference, Texas District (12 Jan. 1950)
f.393Synod - Name Change, 1937-1945
f.394-397Synodical Conference, 1936-1960
f.398-418Synodical Conventions, 1938-1962
f.419Synodical Survey Commission, 1958-1959
f.420Ten Million Dollar Expansion, 1949-1953
f.421Texas District - Language Dispute, 1940
f.422The American Lutheran Church (TALC), 1955-1960
f.423This Day Report, 1953
f.424Through to Victory, 1961
f.425Transportation - Correspondence, 1950-1956
f.426Travel, 1945-1957
f.427-428Uelzen Conference, August 1952
f.429-431Unionism, 1935-1957
f.432-433United Lutheran Church of America, 1936-1956
f.434Valparaiso University, 1942-1959
f.435Visitors' Seminars/Conferences, 1944-1956
f.436Walther League, 1949
f.437Louis H. Waltke, 1936
f.438War Clippings
f.439War Correspondence, 1940-1942
f.440-441War and the Church (opinions), 1951-1955
f.442Washington Representatives, 1941-1942
f.443-479Wisconsin Synod, 1936-1960
f.480-481World Council of Churches, 1945-1955
f.482Youth Delinquency, 1942-1945
f.483Newspaper Articles, ca. 1941-1965


The Office of the President Records, Behnken Administration, were transferred to the Concordia Historical Institute by Dr. J. W. Behnken in July 1960 and in December 1961. Additional records were transferred as a portion of the Executive Offices files by the Executive Officer of the Synod, the Rev. Walter F. Wolbrecht, in July 1963. Additional donations were made by the Rev. William J. Schmelder, Behnken's son-in-law, in May 1968 and at various later dates.


Behnken, John W. "Emergency Appeal to Our Pastors," Concordia Theological Monthly. Vol. 3 (October 1932) 721-724.

__________. "Fellowship Among Lutherans," Concordia Theological Monthly. Vol. 18 (February 1947) 120-126.

__________. "Forward," Concordia Theological Monthly. Vol. 32 (October 1961) 581-582.

__________. "Forward," This Church of Ours: For Times Like These. St. Louis: Ev. Luth. Syn. of Mo., Ohio, and other states, n. d.

__________. God is Our Refuge and Strength. New York: The Lutheran Press, 1942.

__________. Know Your Synod's Work. St. Louis: C.P.H., 1961.

__________. "Lutheran Council in the United States of America," Concordia Historical Institute Quarterly. Vol. 39 (January 1967) 147-156.

__________. Mercies Manifold: Radio Messages Broadcast During the Summer of 1949. St. Louis: C.P.H., 1950.

__________ and L. Meyer. Mission to Europe. (copy of the report made by the authors to the Emergency Planning Council meeting at C.P.H. on 28 December 1945).

__________. Noonday Sermons. St. Louis, C.P.H., 1925.

__________. "Pastor and Synod," Concordia Theological Monthly. Vol. 8 (October 1937) 729-736.

__________. Preconvention Meditation by the President of the Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod. St. Louis, C.P.H., 1962.

__________. "Sermon Outlines," Concordia Theological Monthly. v.6 (Mr'35) 199-201; v.6 (Ap'35) 297-299; v.6 (Ag'35) 605-607; v.6 (Oc'35) 766-768; v.7 (Fb'36) 136-138; v.7 (Ap'36) 288-289; v.7 (Jl'36) 521-523; v.7 (No'36) 847-849; v.8 (Ja'37) 40-41; v.8 (Ap'37) 284-285; v.8 (Ag'37) 607-608; v.10 (Ap'39) 280-282; v.10 (Ag'39) 614-616; v.11 (Mr'40) 191-193; v.11 (Ap'40) 293-295; v.11 (My'40) 359-361; v.12 (Fb'41) 120-121; v.12 (Jl'41) 529-530; v.12 (No'41) 847-849; v.13 (Ja'42) 54-56; v.13 (Ap'42) 295-296; v.13 (No'42) 866-868; v.14 (Ja'43) 42-44; v.14 (My'43) 357-359; v.15 (Ja'44) 59-60; v.15 (My'44) 336-338; v.17 (Je'46) 448-450; v.18 (My'47) 364-365; v.18 (Oc'47) 767-769; v.20 (Mr'49) 189-190; v.21 (Oc'50) 756-759.

__________. "Sola Gratia," Concordia Theological Monthly. Vol. 23 (October 1952) 750-752.

__________. "A Statement," Concordia Historical Institute Quarterly. Vol. 43 (November 1970) 182-185.

__________. "Statement Re Organization for 'Cooperation in Externals'," Concordia Theological Monthly. Vol. 14 (April 1943) 288-291.

__________. This I Recall. St. Louis, C.P.H., 1964. (autobiography)

__________. Training for Mind and Heart. St. Louis: Lutheran Hour Address, n. d.

__________. "The Way We Have Come," Concordia Historical Institute Quarterly. Vol. 39 (July 1966) 51-63.

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